Sugar in the blood called glucose is the main source of energy for the cells of our body . This type of sugar is present in flour, honey carrots, rice, among others.
This source of energy allows the realization of important body functions such as digestion cardiac pumping and synapse, among others. The level of sugar present in our blood must be between 70 and 110 mg / dl, in order to benefit from all its benefits without negative consequences for health.
An increase in the level of glucose in the blood, which corresponds to hyperglycemia, damages several organs. When glucose in the blood exceeds 180 mg / dl, diabetes mellitus is diagnosed . It is essential that patients who suffer from it be under strict medical supervision, because this diabetes can lead to serious complications.
What is Hyperglycemia?
Hyperglycemia is defined as when the blood sugar level exceeds 140 mg / dl . This condition can occur for two specific reasons:
- the pancreas has problems producing enough insulin, a hormone responsible for regulating blood sugar
- The body fails to use insulin properly
In both cases, it is essential to consult a doctor, so that he prescribes the drugs to take, and it tells you the changes to adopt in your diet and the amount of physical exercise to practice .
Symptoms that indicate that your blood sugar level is too high
Hyperglycemia has symptoms that are difficult to detect without a minimum of attention. The ideal is to have a medical check every six months to diagnose a possible change in the body in time .
The test for measuring glucose levels in the blood is generally inexpensive and simple. All you need is a slight sting to get a drop of blood.
Polydipsia corresponds to the urgent and exaggerated need to drink water, a need usually accompanied by a sensation of dry mouth . It is important that you drink water as soon as you feel the need, because thirst is the body's need to normalize glucose levels in the body.
However, keep in mind that the problem will persist as long as blood sugar levels remain high. To remedy this, practice an exercise routine every day and take the medications prescribed by your doctor .
2. Lesions on the skin
Excess sugar in the blood can lead to skin lesions such as coffee stains on the legs, redness on the face, and dryness of the skin .
On the other hand, the nails, the palms of the hands and the soles of the feet may turn yellowish.
If you notice the appearance of blues that disappear after a few days, go to your doctor. Do not ignore this problem as it may be a symptom of venous damage .
3. Mood swings
Those who suffer from hyperglycemia often face severe mood swings, such as irritability or depression .
Emotions depend on the chemical processes of the brain; These processes are influenced by the blood sugar level .
4. Weakness and drowsiness
As cells are unable to absorb blood sugar effectively, the energy produced decreases. This results in the appearance of the following symptoms:
- a feeling of muscular weakness
- Extreme tiredness
- a state of drowsiness
To reduce these symptoms, it is important to consume enough fresh vegetables to provide vitamins and minerals of quality . If the problem is more serious, your doctor may advise you certain food supplements.
5. Slow healing of wounds
Hyperglycemia causes severe alteration of blood coagulation . This alteration is manifested by the appearance of hematomas and bruises on the skin, as well as by slow healing of wounds.
If you notice that your wounds bleed more than usual, and that your scars take a while to disappear, you must take certain steps. When your blood glucose level returns to normal, this symptom will disappear.
6. Vision problems
The small arteries and veins located in the retina, the macula lutea (or yellow spot), the vessels of the retina and the optic nerve head generally suffer damage, consequence of the hyperglycemia . Here are some examples of problems:
- Blurred vision
- the presence of dark spots in the visual field
- pain in the ocular area
- difficulty in discerning distant objects with lateral or peripheral vision
Regular visits to the ophthalmologist help to identify these problems, and thus prevent the blood sugar level from rising significantly
7. Sexual problems
Lesions in the nerves and blood vessels as a consequence of high blood sugar levels cause various alterations in sexual function in both women and men .
In men, hyperglycemia may cause the following dysfunctions:
- an inability to achieve or maintain an erection firm enough to have a intercourse
- Retrograde ejaculation, ejaculation in which sperm flows to the bladder instead of coming out of the end of the penis
In women, hyperglycemia may cause the following malfunctions:
- Vaginal dryness
- the absence or diminution of sexual desire
- painful intercourse
Do you have these symptoms? If this is the case, do not ignore them and go to your doctor as soon as possible .