Lose weight in good health: which food

The winning strategy for reducing fat deposits in the liver, abdomen and heart is to combine moderate exercise with the Mediterranean diet. RelaxNews / Lilechka75 / Istock.com

A study tracked for 18 months, using a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) technique, the storage of fats in the body following two different diets, low in carbohydrates and saturated or low-calorie fats, accompanied by moderate physical exercise or not. The results are published in the journal Circulation. 

Diet and physical activity are some of the most important lifestyle factors for staying healthy and maintaining a stable weight.

However, we know less that losing weight is not always a guarantee of good health depending on the foods chosen that will determine the body’s places where fats come to settle, especially around vital organs such as liver, pancreas, livers abdomen or heart.

At equal calories and even weight gain, fats do not live in the same places and can sign metabolic disorders such as visceral fat around the waist, regardless of the weight on the scale.

This is the focus of this new study, jointly conducted by the Ben Gurion Negev Universities in Israel, Harvard in the United States, and Leipzig, Germany, which mapped the distribution and amount of fat cells in the body. , say “adipocytes”, of 278 sedentary people using a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) technique, based on 300 points determined in overweight or obese patients.

Study participants consumed low-calorie, low-fat meals or a low-carb, saturated daily Mediterranean diet with 28 grams of nuts, while exercising at moderate intensity 3 times per week or less.

According to the results, the winning strategy for reducing fat deposits in the liver (-29%), the abdomen (-22%), and the heart (-11%) is to combine moderate exercise and diet. mediterranean, and this despite a slight loss of weight. Only the fats housed in the neck and kidneys have not decreased and have been sensitive only to weight loss.

Conversely, a diet low in calories and fat has been far less effective in reversing the risk of cardiovascular disease and diabetes related to fat deposits.

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The researchers also found that deep subcutaneous fat loss improved sensitivity to insulin, a hormone secreted by the pancreas that regulates blood sugar.

To conclude, the authors of the study invite to ensure the nutritional quality of our plate rather than to rely on the weight indicated on our balance. The long-term health and slimming goal is to choose good omega-3 fats that can be found in oily fish, nuts, rapeseed oil, linseed or chia seeds, not to mention to practice regular physical activity.

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